American suffragist and abolitionist Lucy Stone (1818-1893) made a married woman`s right to keep her own surname (as she did herself when she married) a national issue as part of her efforts for women`s rights in the United States. Women who choose to keep their old names have been called “Lucy Stoners”. In 1879, when Boston women won the right to vote in school board elections. But authorities did not allow her to vote unless she added “Blackwell,” her husband`s surname, to her signature. She refused, so she could not vote. She did not challenge the lawsuit in court.  A woman can also retain her maiden name, as Philippine law does not require a woman to take her husband`s surname upon marriage. This is often done for professional reasons, as a woman wants to keep her name among her professional contacts or audience. In some cases, gender roles are reversed and it is men who take the surnames of their wives. Although it is a rare practice, it is still legal for a man to choose to change his name rather than have women change theirs. On average, less than three percent of married couples practice this each year – that`s about 880 out of thousands of couples who get married. This was apparently the practice in ancient England, when men married women whose surnames were socio-economically better than their own families.
In this case, class and social position were a more important determining factor than gender. An official name is the name that identifies a person for legal, administrative and other official purposes. A person`s first legal name is usually the person`s name given for birth registration purposes, which then appears on a birth certificate (see birth name), but may change later. Most jurisdictions require the use of a legal name for all legal and administrative purposes, and some jurisdictions allow or require a name change to be registered upon marriage. The legal name may need to be used on various government-issued documents (such as a court order). The term is also used when a person changes their first or full name, usually after reaching a certain legal age (usually eighteen or older, although in several European countries it can be as low as fourteen). A Thai woman who adopted her husband`s surname due to the old law can also revert to her original surname.  Some women see adopting their husband`s name as a loss of autonomy. That`s why, according to the Google Consumer Survey, 20% of women choose to keep their maiden name, while 10% separate their name so they can both get their husband`s name while continuing to use their maiden name without legal consequences. Second, keeping maiden names is part of a feminist movement. If men have traditionally been relieved of the burden of having to change their name on paper, why should women have to file so many extra paperwork just to change their husband`s name? Traditionally, Korean women keep their surname after marriage, while their children usually take the father`s surname.
Korea was relatively equal in terms of inheritance and family responsibilities until at least the end of the 17th century. Often, family genealogy books also followed daughters and their spouses and descendants. Therefore, it was common for women to keep their maiden name, and they were considered part of the family even after marriage. Before modern times, people were very aware of family values and their own family identity. It is therefore traditional for Korean women to retain their surname after marriage, based on the traditional consideration that this is what they have inherited from their parents and ancestors.  Colloquially, Koreans view an individual`s name as a singular entity, and changing the syllable of the surname would make the name strange with the other syllables of the name. Nowadays, women keep their name even after marriage. Children may have a parent`s surname, but it is common to use the father`s last name.
There are often interesting variations in name acquisition, including the adoption of surnames. In Massachusetts, for example, a 2004 Harvard study found that about 87 percent of graduate women adopt their husband`s name in marriage, up from a peak of more than 90 percent before 1975, but about 80 percent in 1990. The same study found that women with a university degree were “two to four times more likely (depending on age) to keep their last name” than women without a university degree.  Here, Rylan uses both his own female anime and his mother`s maiden name to refer to his Irish heritage, although his married last name is not Irish. According to the Merriam-Webster Unabridged English Dictionary and the Cambridge Dictionary, a maiden name is a name that refers to the surname of a married or divorced woman before marriage. It can also be their first or last name. The maiden name is the surname with which she was born. Some women choose to keep their maiden name even after marriage, and some families choose to separate their two surnames. Some women change their surname to the first name of their new spouse. In some Spanish-American countries, it is common for women to unofficially add the husband`s first name after their own, for social purposes such as invitation letters or event announcements.
The above couple can imagine themselves as José Gómez Hevia and María Reyes de Gómez. It is also common to refer to a man`s wife as “señora de” in formal situations, followed by her husband`s first name. A person`s official name is usually the same as their personal name, consisting of a first and last name. The order varies depending on the culture and country. There are also country-specific differences regarding legal name changes by marriage. (See married name.) Due to British influence, some people in Hong Kong have also adopted the tradition of women changing their English surnames or prefixing their husband`s Chinese surname to theirs on official occasions or business cards, but rarely on residents` ID cards or travel documents. In the Chinese diaspora abroad, especially in Southeast Asia, women rarely legally take their spouse`s surname. There is a growing tendency for women to choose not to take their husband`s name when they marry.
In the 1970s, the trend became more common, but it eased in the mid-80s and 90s. However, as of 2015, the trend seems to be re-emerging, as women choose to keep their maiden name for many reasons. The Lucy Stone League, named after her, was founded in 1921 by Ruth Hale; They were the first group to fight for women to be allowed to keep their maiden names after marriage – and use it legally.  Ruth Hale has challenged in Federal Court any government decree that does not recognize a married woman (like herself) by the name she wants to use.  In May 1921, Hale received a deed of real estate issued in her maiden name and not in her married name, Mrs.
Last Update : 16 พฤศจิกายน 2022